Bellarine Peninsula House / Inarc Architects

first_imgArchDaily Save this picture!© Peter Clarke+ 17 Share Architects: Inarc Architects Year Completion year of this architecture project Houses Bellarine Peninsula House / Inarc Architects CopyAbout this officeInarc ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductsWoodSteel#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesWoodHousesBarwon HeadsAustraliaPublished on July 27, 2012Cite: “Bellarine Peninsula House / Inarc Architects” 27 Jul 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogShowershansgroheShower MixersVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Abrasion ResistantPartitionsSkyfoldIntegrating Operable Walls in a SpaceLightsVibiaLamps – NorthCultural / PatrimonialIsland Exterior FabricatorsSeptember 11th Memorial Museum Envelope SystemSkylightsVELUX CommercialAtrium Longlight, DZNE GermanyHanging LampsLouis PoulsenLamp – PH ArtichokeTiles / Mosaic / GresiteHisbalitMosaic Tiles – TexturasAcousticMetawellAluminum Panels – Acoustic SailsMineral / Organic PaintsKEIMTiO2-free Mineral Paint – Soldalit®-ArteWall / Ceiling LightsA-LightWall Grazer Concealed LightsDoorsBuster and PunchDoor Hardware – Pull BarMore products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Photographs:  Peter Clarke Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Year:  ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard CopyHouses•Barwon Heads, Australia “COPY” 2010 Photographs Australia Projects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Bellarine Peninsula House / Inarc ArchitectsSave this projectSaveBellarine Peninsula House / Inarc Architects Manufacturers: AtkarText description provided by the architects. The site for this new building is within a residential grid in the coastal Victorian (Australia) town of Barwon Heads. Due to the flat residential site the house was formed by a number of guiding factors. The clients required a house that would cater for both large groups whilst having zones that could be sectioned off when their needs changed. Further to this, we wanted the beach house environment reflects both the notion of coming together, and being linked to the external environment. By dividing the planning of the property into separate zones linked by one large main central hub, where people can come together to relax, socialize and prepare food, a direct link is created to this ideal. By extending large entertaining areas out from this main hub into the adjacent environment, a sense of space and flexibility is further added. Natural light, natural materials and a sense of transparency further promote a relaxed beachside environment. Large and open outdoor areas that are linked back to the interiors of the house were also required to emphasize the relaxed seaside environment. Save this picture!© Peter ClarkeRecommended ProductsWindowsAir-LuxSliding Window – CurvedWoodLunawoodThermowood FacadesEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreDoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – Revolving Door 4000 SeriesThe clients wanted to maximize the connection with the external spaces created around the house whilst maintaining a certain amount of privacy from the adjacent neighboring properties. These principles acted in directly guiding the form of the building. A large central hub was created as the heart of the home. This central zone acts to anchor the two wings of the house and also works to divide up the square shaped block to create individual external environments. To the front of the property a smaller more intimate and private space has been created, whilst on the other side of the central hub a large more open area is created, and flanked by the two wings of the house. As the site is nestled within a coastal environment, but does not benefit from water views, water has been introduced as part of the external environments. Vistas are created through the house looking out into these external environments over reflection ponds or a larger landscaped pool.Save this picture!PlanTo reduce the visual bulk of the building form, it has been designed to sit low within its environment. A system of layers on both the horizontal and vertical surfaces has been employed to create impressive internal areas without resulting in a harsh external block form. Walls and spaces are set in at different depths to further recess the skin of the building. Deep terraces act to not only provide weather protection, but also act to create a level of privacy to the internal areas without having physical barriers or screens. Save this picture!© Peter ClarkeBy zoning the house and landscape the functional aspects of the client’s requirements for the house are well met. However alternative complications arise by creating large open communal spaces, as they often tend to be quite barn like in appearance. In and attempt to mitigate this we have used an offset full height element within the space, which incorporates an open fireplace on one side and the kitchen bench on the other. This assists in delineating and defining the activity areas in what is essentially still an open, communal environment. Save this picture!© Peter ClarkeProject gallerySee allShow lessHouse Awards 2012ArticlesadAPT NYC Request for ProposalsArticles Share “COPY”last_img read more

Stoneridge / In Situ Studio

first_imgArchDaily 2012 Photographs:  Richard Leo Johnson+ 17 Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Stoneridge / In Situ Studio ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Architects: in situ studio Area Area of this architecture project United States Stoneridge / In Situ StudioSave this projectSaveStoneridge / In Situ StudioSave this picture!© Richard Leo JohnsonHouses•Chapel Hill, United States Photographscenter_img Year:  CopySave this picture!© Richard Leo JohnsonText description provided by the architects. Our clients approached us to substantially renovate and make an addition to an existing Deck House north of Chapel Hill. The original house was a 1986 replica of a sixties-era Deck House. When our clients approached us, they had not yet purchased the property. Our first effort was to help them imagine the potential of improving the house. After a successful feasibility study, they purchased the home in December 2010.Save this picture!© Richard Leo JohnsonOur clients have one child, an extended family that visits often, and a range of interests, including a love of listening to and making music. The design of the renovation and addition therefore had to accommodate fluctuating numbers of people and partition activities in a manner that would minimize “hobby creep.” Our response was to peel open the primary public spaces in the main living, kitchen, and dining areas, consolidate and organize existing bedroom areas to accommodate children and guests, provide sequestered study and music areas in the existing basement, and extend a “satellite” master suite off the end of the house that is attached to the main house via a glass hall and screened porch. The existing Deck House, ironically, had an anemic deck. Our design significantly expands the deck and other outdoor spaces.Save this picture!© Richard Leo JohnsonWe have transformed the house to suit the client, while maintaining the integrity of the Deck House. The gable roof portion of the house over the living and dining rooms has been lifted to the north, creating a two-story wall of glass. Skylights brighten darker areas of the house. The main house and the master suite addition take on different forms, and they are set apart from one another to distinguish existing from new. A new entry mediates between the two forms.Save this picture!© Richard Leo JohnsonThe logic of the existing structural system is very direct, and the renovations build directly from it. The master addition has a bolder presence, taking the form of a rectangular tube that cantilevers off an extended existing foundation and directs attention to the forest north of the house. The existing house was sited in a manner that exploits prevailing breezes and captures natural light. Our changes and addition amplify these functions.Save this picture!© Richard Leo JohnsonIn today’s economy, we are finding that clients are more cautious than ever and much more likely to renovate than demolish and build anew. We support this trend, knowing that the most sustainable choices center on reuse, recycling, and relying on existing infrastructures. In response, we have augmented our normal design process with an initial feasibility study phase on several recent projects. Our clients gain a great deal of confidence from this first step, and the knowledge they glean from the process has provided leverage in their negotiations with sellers and banks.Save this picture!DiagramProject gallerySee allShow lessGuerrilla Green Sustainable Showdown CompetitionArticlesHelsinki Central Library Competition Entry / Tanni Lam, Johnny Chiu, Adrian LoArticles Share “COPY” “COPY” Area:  4 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Projects Houses CopyAbout this officein situ studioOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesDabasWoodHousesChapel Hill3D ModelingUnited StatesPublished on December 18, 2012Cite: “Stoneridge / In Situ Studio” 18 Dec 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPartitionsSkyfoldChoosing the Skyfold Wall for Your SpaceVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ SandShowerhansgroheShowers – Raindance SelectWoodEGGERTimberSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Bre-ClassMetallicsTrimoMetal Panels for Roofs – Trimoterm SNVLightsLouis PoulsenOutdoor Lighting – Flindt PlazaStonesMikado QuartzQuartz Slab – MarbleWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Long-Span StructuresWoodBlumer LehmannAssembly and Logistics of Wood ProjectsHandlesKarcher DesignDoor Handle Madeira ER45Chairs / Benches / CouchesArperModular Sofa – LoopMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?石头山脊小屋 / In Situ Studio是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

‘Why I’m aboard the Rescue Ship to Yemen’

first_imgIn the Persian GulfCaleb Maupin about to board ship with humanitarian aid bound for Yemen.May 12 — I am a radical journalist and political analyst as well as an anti-war activist working with the International Action Center, Fight Imperialism, Stand Together (FIST) and the United National Antiwar Coalition.I am 27 and grew up in Ohio. I currently live in Brooklyn, N.Y., with my loving spouse Meches. However, as you read this message, I am thousands of miles away from home on a ship in the Persian Gulf.Why am I at sea on the other side of the world? I am part of a humanitarian mission carried out by the Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran. We are attempting to bring medical supplies, flour and water to the people of Yemen.A criminal U.S.-Saudi war of aggressionIn response to a massive uprising demanding democracy and self-determination in Yemen, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has unleashed an intensive bombing campaign. Over 1,000 innocent civilians are alreadydead. Schools, hospitals, power plants and mosques are being targeted.As someone from the United States, nothing disturbs me more than the fact that the cruise missiles and other weapons used to terrorize and kill innocent Yemenis are provided by my own government. Our government constantly utilizes propaganda about “human rights” when attempting to isolate and demonize certain countries, but for more than half a century it has been coddling the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, one of the most blatant human rights’ violators on the planet.The Saudi regime not only beheads, tortures and exploits people within its own borders, but it represses people throughout the region.The people of Yemen have long been held down by a corrupt, undemocratic regime backed and supported by Saudi Arabia and the U.S. The recently deposed President Mansour Hadi ran unopposed in the 2012 election as the official Saudi-backed and -selected candidate. The U.S./Saudi regime in Yemen has facilitated a horrific campaign of drone strikes by the U.S. military since 2002 that has left countless innocent civilians dead.In response to years of impoverishment, repression and humiliation, the people of Yemen have risen up in revolution. The Ansarullah organization, commonly called the “Houthis” in U.S. media, is at the center of a broad coalition of forces that are writing a new constitution. Popular committees have sprung up all across the country.Violence against a massive democratic upsurgeDespite what you have heard on CNN, this is not an ethnic or religious war. This is not a “proxy war” with Iran. This is a popular, anti-imperialist struggle for democracy and independence led by the Yemeni peoplethemselves. The Ansarullah organization is aligned with Sunnis, secularists and various forces from across Yemeni society who want to free their country from foreign hands.In response to this massive upsurge of people’s power, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, along with ISIS and al-Quaida in Yemen, is waging a campaign of violent terrorism. They hope to drown this popular revolution in blood, beat down the Yemeni people and force them back under Saudi dominion. The U.S. government is supporting the Saudi regime and its allies in their criminal attack, and this is abhorrent and immoral.A few passing words of criticism and condemnation from U.S. officials do not change the reality of the ugly U.S. alliance with the Saudi regime. The U.S. officials who arm and coddle the Saudi regime, as well as the U.S. and British oil corporations who make billions of dollars from this twisted relationship, are complicit in the crimes against humanity currently taking place in Yemen.The Yemeni people, despite this horrendous bombing campaign, have not surrendered. The Ansarullah fighters have aligned with the Yemen Army and the tribal forces in a united front. Saudi Arabia’s attempt to form a “Free Army” of Yemen mercenaries has completely flopped. It is now reported that more than 642,000 Yemenis of various religious backgrounds have joined together to form people’s militias to beat back the Saudi assault.A humanitarian missionOn board the Rescue Ship with me are other peace activists from the U.S., Germany and France, as well as many doctors and a few journalists from Iran. We intend to deliver our cargo of over 2,500 tons of food and medical supplies to the port of Hodeidah on the Red Sea.Everything on the ship has been carefully checked to make sure nothing that could be considered a weapon is on board. This is a mission of peace, carried out by the Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran, a nongovernmental organization recognized by the United Nations.Iranian jets attempted to deliver medical aid on April 28. They were cleared for landing by Yemeni airports, but before they could touch down, they were repelled by Saudi fighter jets.Blocking the delivery of humanitarian aid is an extreme violation of international law. As our craft propels through the Persian Gulf, we are loudly urging that no one interfere with this peaceful humanitarianmission.Let the hungry children of Yemen live! This illegal, immoral blockade must end! Don’t block the Rescue Ship!FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Jay County Corn a Total Loss

first_img Facebook Twitter The updated US Drought Monitor now puts every Indiana county in some level of drought. Parts of central, southwest and north-central Indiana are under an extreme drought and the rest of the state is suffering from severe to moderate drought conditions. HAT meteorologist Rob Wasson says some relief is on the way but those rains won’t break drought stricken areas.For HAT Field Update farmer Jim Lochtefeld in Jay County any rains coming his way will be too little and too late for the corn crop.“I would say it is a total loss. Most of the hills didn’t even put any ears on and leaves are pretty well all dead on up to the last leaf. Some places in the valley you’ll see it put an ear on but who knows how long it’s going to last or how well it’s going to do. For the most part I’d say rain won’t do corn any good anymore and it’s pretty well a total loss this year.”How has the crop gotten to this point? Lochtefeld says it’s a dry spring and summer and in the last month and a half just not enough rain.“July first we had a half inch but we probably have had a total of one inch since June first, so that just wasn’t enough to do anything. The beans are short. A good soaker now may help beans out a little bit but we lost a lot of yield potential in them also.”This week Purdue has reminded producers about resources to help determine if they should chop drought damaged corn for livestock feed. Lochtefeld won’t be going that direction.“No, I’ve heard some people talk about chopping it but right now there’s no dairy in our area so we’re talking about just taking what we can get because we need the corn because I feed chickens. So we’ll take whatever we can get and go from there.”[audio:|titles=Corn a total loss]Hear more in the HAT Field Update at the Agronomy page, sponsored by Advanced Ag Solutions.Audio Player Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Podcast: Play in new window | Download | EmbedSubscribe: RSS Jay County Corn a Total Loss SHARE Facebook Twitter Home News Feed Jay County Corn a Total Loss By Andy Eubank – Jul 12, 2012 SHARE Previous articleJim Lochtefeld July 12 updateNext articleMuch Debate but House Ag Committee Moves Farm Bill Andy Eubanklast_img read more

Hoosier Conservation Leader Honored by NCGA

first_img Facebook Twitter Hoosier Conservation Leader Honored by NCGA Previous articleIs Agriculture at War?Next articleUSDA Gives Biomass Energy Development $8.7 Mil Boost Andy Eubank SHARE Home Indiana Agriculture News Hoosier Conservation Leader Honored by NCGA By Andy Eubank – Mar 1, 2015 SHARE Shuter honored at NCGAAt the National Association of Corn Growers banquet at Commodity Classic Friday night Indiana farmer Mike Shuter received the organization’s Good Steward Recognition. Shuter is just the second recipient of the honor, one he proudly accepted after many years of stewarding the soils on his Frankton farm.“We actually started no-till in corn back in ’83 and that was a PIK year when we didn’t have as many acres and we could mess with it and work with it, and try to get it to where it really worked right. But, back then we were seeing high fuel prices. We were seeing low commodity prices and it was just one way of helping keep some of the costs under control and actually doing a better job of farming the soil we work with and been given the stewardship of for our lifetime.”As for the industry as a whole in adopting and implementing conservation practices, “We’ve got a long ways to go,” Shuter says. “There’s still the mentality that the more steel you can put in the ground the better off you are farming. We just don’t believe that anymore and we’re trying to help educate producers that there is a better way of maintaining the soil health. We’re actually improving organic matter in our soil two-tenths of a percent in the last 6 years. A lot of producers are not going that direction.”For the past president of the Indiana Corn Marketing Council, it has been quite a year. Shuter was also honored with the Purdue ag alumni Certificate of Distinction in early February.“Ya, it’s been quite a year for me! I went through quadruple bypass surgery the 23rd of December, so it has been quite a year in several different ways.”See more with Shuter in the HAT video. Also Friday night Herb Ringel accepted the award as the Indiana Corn Growers Association was honored for the highest percentage annual growth for a state association. Ringel of Wabash is the president of the Indiana association. Facebook Twitterlast_img read more

Israel’s arguments for denying foreign reporters access to Gaza are spurious

first_img The Israeli defence ministry’s Crossing Points Authority imposed the ban on 12 May after the Israeli military began launching airstrikes on the Gaza Strip in response to Hamas’s decision to fire rockets into Israel amid continuing clashes between Palestinians, settlers and Israeli police in Jerusalem and the West Bank. The authority has left the ban in place ever since.By obstructing coverage, the ban is preventing international public opinion from being properly informed about what is happening on the ground in the Gaza Strip and is fuelling suspicion that the Israeli authorities want to cover up the impact of their airstrikes.From this standpoint, it is the counterpart of the targeted destruction of some 20 Palestinian, regional and international media outlets in the Gaza Strip, which RSF has already condemned, and which is compounded by the vulnerability of Palestinian reporters during the airstrikes, some of whose homes have been destroyed in the past few days.“The destruction of media outlets and the ban on foreign reporters entered the Gaza Strip suggest that the Israeli authorities want to conceal the reality on the ground there,” RSF secretary-general Christophe Deloire said.“The destruction and the ban are preventing the international media from establishing the facts and are extremely detrimental to balanced press coverage of what is a devastating conflict for the civilian populations. We call for the lifting of the ban on access to the Gaza Strip for foreign reporters, which is a manifest violation of press freedom. The arguments offered by Israel are spurious. It is not up to this country’s government to decide for journalists whether or not they go to Gaza. We urge the Israeli authorities to allow foreign journalists access to the Gaza Strip.”Manipulated mediaBy preventing the international media from entering the Gaza Strip to verify the facts for themselves, the ban is making them particularly vulnerable to disinformation. When the Israeli military announced on 14 May that its ground forces had begun attacking inside the Gaza Strip, this was reported by international news agencies and newspapers, only to see the information retracted two hours later. As a result of the reports of a ground invasion, Hamas fighters gathered inside a network of tunnels in northern Gaza that were then bombarded by Israeli jets, prompting condemnation by several media outlets that felt they had been manipulated.Israel is ranked 86th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2020 World Press Freedom Index. May 19, 2021 Israel’s arguments for denying foreign reporters access to Gaza are spurious RSF_en Organisation News Help by sharing this information Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns Israel’s week-old ban on foreign reporters entering the Gaza Strip from Israeli territory, which is obstructing media coverage of the conflict. The border must be reopened at once, RSF says. last_img read more

Blinn House Foundation Honors 2012 Dr. Robert Winter Award Recipients

first_img Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Make a comment EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS More Cool Stuff Top of the News 14 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Community News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Subscribecenter_img around town 6 Blinn House Foundation Honors 2012 Dr. Robert Winter Award Recipients John Frederick Merritt and Dr. Robert P. Kneisel to be feted May 5 for Outstanding Service in Architectural Preservation From STAFF REPORTS Published on Monday, April 23, 2012 | 4:36 pm Herbeauty7 Reasons Why The Lost Kilos Are Regained AgainHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Tips To Rejuvenate Winter Dry, Chapped LipsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyA 74 Year Old Fitness Enthusiast Defies All Concept Of AgeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Vietnamese Stunners That Will Take Your Breath AwayHerbeautyHerbeauty Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Business News The Blinn House Foundation will honor the 2012 recipients of the 9th Annual Dr. Robert Winter award, named for a noted Pasadena architectural historian and author.From last year’s Run for the Roses EventThe award winners, John Frederick Merritt of  Berkeley, and Dr. Robert Kneisel of Pasadena, are linked by the success story of Bungalow Heaven, Pasadena’s first and largest Landmark District. They will receive their awards Saturday, May 5, at the “Run for the Roses” Kentucky Derby event, held annually to benefit the Blinn House Foundation, a Pasadena non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of the historic Edmund Blinn House.Proceeds from the Dr. Robert Winter Award dinner will be earmarked for the restoration and preservation of the 1905 Prairie School-style Blinn House which is listed on National Register of Historic Places and designated Pasadena Landmark #16. The Blinn House, home of The Women’s City Club of Pasadena, contributes to the San Gabriel Valley community by serving as a unique meeting place for numerous non-profit and civic organizations.Repeating the success of previous years, the event will be a garden party featuring the viewing of the Kentucky Derby Run for the Roses race, festive hats, mint juleps, and a delicious Kentucky-style dinner.From 2 to 6 pm, attendees will have an opportunity to win numerous donated prizes and make bids at the Silent Auction. To purchase dinner tickets at $135 each ($125 for WCC members and one guest) or to place a congratulatory ad in the evening program book, please contact (626) 796-0560 or email [email protected] The Blinn House is located at 160 N. Oakland Avenue, Pasadena. faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena First Heatwave Expected Next Week last_img read more

Plan to be submitted for Peace 3 projects in Donegal

first_img Plan to be submitted for Peace 3 projects in Donegal Google+ By News Highland – August 26, 2010 PSNI and Gardai urged to investigate Adams’ claims he sheltered on-the-run suspect in Donegal Twitter WhatsApp The Donegal Peace Partnership Committee is putting the final touches to its Peace 3 spending plan, which will be submitted to the Special European Union Programmes Body next month.The draft has already been given to Pobail which acts as a go-between between the councils and the EU, and it has made a number of observations which are currently being acted on.Partnership Chairperson Cllr Dessie Larkin says it’s important that any potential issues are identified now, before the plan is submitted to the SEUPB.He’s confident the plan that goes forward next month will be an effective one……[podcast][/podcast] Previous articleCycling – Deignan Confirmed For SpainNext articleImpact claims last minute HSE changes have scuppered Letterkenny talks News Highland HSE warns of ‘widespread cancellations’ of appointments next week Newsx Adverts Twitter Pinterestcenter_img Pinterest Facebook WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Man arrested in Derry on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences released 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Dail to vote later on extending emergency Covid powers Facebook Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Google+last_img read more

Punishing ‘Faithless’ Electors: The Case Of Chiafalo Vs. Washington Of The US Supreme Court

first_imgColumnsPunishing ‘Faithless’ Electors: The Case Of Chiafalo Vs. Washington Of The US Supreme Court Jana Kalyan Das, Sandeep Devashish Das & Nina Dogra30 Nov 2020 4:30 AMShare This – xIn a significant development touching upon the voting behavior of presidential electors the American Supreme Court has come down heavily on ‘faithless’ electors of the electoral college which elects the American President. The American President, like the Indian President, is not directly elected by the people but is indirectly elected by electors of an electoral college constituted…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginIn a significant development touching upon the voting behavior of presidential electors the American Supreme Court has come down heavily on ‘faithless’ electors of the electoral college which elects the American President. The American President, like the Indian President, is not directly elected by the people but is indirectly elected by electors of an electoral college constituted in terms of Article II section 1 of the US Constitution. The 2016 Presidential election in USA had witnessed a spate of faithless voting by some electors in few states. Such deviant voting behavior using personal discretion on the part of electors and voting independently, unfettered by the dictates of their parties as well as the popular mandate, had kicked in a constitutional controversy leading to filing of suits. The various State courts rendered conflicting judgments in these suits and there was need for the highest court to address the legal question and give the issue a quietus. On 6th July 2020 the American Supreme Court therefore, took upon itself the onerous task of disciplining rogue, wayward and faithless electors of the Presidential Electoral College who vote against their party’s nominees and the people’s choice in the state. Bedeviled by a puritan judicial conscience and transcending all liberal and conservative ideological affiliations all the judges felt it imperative to allow the states the power to prevent repetition of the mischief of the 2016 presidential election in future by taking appropriate remedial measures as they may deem fit and proper. In a rare display of unanimity on a political question the American Supreme Court in the recent case of Chiafalo Vs. Washington (591 US – 2020) has held that a state is legally competent to Constitutionally put to effect and take punitive measures to enforce a Presidential elector’s pledge to support his party’s nominee and the choice of the state’s voters for president.In the facts of the case three Washington Electors, Peter Chiafalo, Levi Guerra, and Esther John (the Electors) belonging to the Democratic Party, in keeping with the legal requirements of the state law which had been upheld by the American Supreme Court in the year 1952 in the case of Ray Vs. Blair, 343 U.S. 214 (1952) had taken a pledge to support their party’s candidates Hilary Clinton in the 2016 Presidential Election. However, violating their pledges to vote in favour of Hilary Clinton they voted otherwise. In response, the State of Washington fined the electors 1,000 $ each. Being aggrieved, the electors challenged their fines in the State Courts arguing that the Constitution gives members of the electoral college the right to vote in whatsoever manner they please. The Washington superior court rejected their claims. The State Supreme Court also repelled their further challenge and upheld the original judgment. These electors took the challenge further to the American Supreme Court. The electors argued that the terms “appoint,” “Electors,” “vote,” and “by Ballot” used in Article II section 1 of the US Constitution underlined the expectations of the framers to confer an unbridled constitutional right upon the electors to vote in terms of their own judgments. The electors further made a reference to the Federalist Papers no.68 of Hamilton wherein he had praised the Constitution for entrusting the Presidency to “men most capable of analyzing the qualities” needed for the office, who would make their choices “under circumstances favorable to deliberation.” They had also submitted that John Jay too had predicted that the Electoral College would “be composed of the most enlightened and respectable citizens,” whose choices would reflect “discretion and discernment.” Rejecting all such submissions and relying upon its earlier decision of the year 1952 in the case of Ray Vs. Blair, 343 U.S. 214 (1952) the court however, held that Article II section 1 of the US Constitution which gives the States the authority to appoint electors, ipso facto, includes the further powers to discipline and rein in such electors as an additional condition of their appointment as elector. The court held that there is no constitutional restraint in any other provisions of the constitution putting a fetter on the exercise of such a right by the appointing state. Article II section 1 of the constitution, in the court’s view, confered the broadest power of determination over those who become electors. The relevant provisions of the Article relied upon by the court read as follows;- “Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector. The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; Justice Elena Kagan delivered the opinion/judgement of the court in the following terms “But even assuming other Framers shared that outlook, it would not be enough. Whether by choice or accident, the Framers did not reduce their thoughts about electors’ discretion to the printed page. All that they put down about the electors was what we have said: that the States would appoint them, and that they would meet and cast ballots to send to the Capitol. Those sparse instructions took no position on how independent from—or how faithful to—party and popular preferences the electors’ votes should be. On that score, the Constitution left much to the future. And the future did not take long in coming. Almost immediately, presidential electors became trusty transmitters of other people’s decisions.” The judgment/opinion further held that Courts and commentators throughout the 19th century recognized the electors as merely acting on other people’s preferences. Making a reference to an earlier judgment of the court authored by Justice Story ( the youngest judge of the American Supreme Court till date) justice Kagan relied upon the same and quoted from the said judgment as follows;- “the electors are now chosen wholly with reference to particular candidates,” having either “silently” or “publicly pledged” how they will vote. Nothing is left to the electors, he had continued, “but to register their votes, which are already pledged.” Indeed, any “exercise of an independent judgment would be treated as a political usurpation, dishonourable to the individual, and a fraud upon his constituents.” Similarly, justice Kagan noted that William Rawle had explained how the Electoral College functioned in the following terms: “The electors do not assemble in their several states for a free exercise of their own judgments, but for the purpose of electing” the nominee of “the predominant political party which has chosen those electors.” After taking stock of these earlier judicial pronouncements and observations the court speaking through justice Kagan held therefore, that …… “looking back at the close of the century, this Court had no doubt that Story’s and Rawle’s descriptions were right.” The electors, the Court therefore, noted, were chosen “simply to register the will of the appointing power in respect of a particular candidate. It was thus held that “the Electors’ constitutional claim has neither text nor history on its side. Article II and the Twelfth Amendment give States broad power over electors, and give electors themselves no rights. Early in our history, States decided to tie electors to the presidential choices of others, whether legislatures or citizens. Except that legislatures no longer play a role, that practice has continued for more than 200 years. Among the devices States have long used to achieve their object are pledge laws, designed to impress on electors their role as agents of others. A State follows in the same tradition if, like Washington, it chooses to sanction an elector for breaching his promise. Then too, the State instructs its electors that they have no ground for reversing the vote of millions of its citizens. That direction accords with the Constitution—as well as with the trust of a Nation that here, We the People rule.” In essence the majority opinion relied upon the provisions of Article II section 1 and the further fact that the bare bones of the Constitutional provisions, having acquired strength and sinews by consistent longstanding practice, and having become a settled healthy convention cannot be deviated from. Interestingly, however, Justice Clarence Thomas, while concurring with the conclusions of the majority, expressly rejected the reasoning given therein. While the majority view relied upon the language of Article II Section 1 of the Constitution to bolster and fortify their conclusions, Justice Thomas dissented and held thus ‘In short, the Constitution does not speak to States’ power to require Presidential electors to vote for the candidates chosen by the people. The Court’s attempt to ground such a power in Article II’s text falls short. Rather than contort the language of both Article II and the state statute, I would acknowledge that the Constitution simply says nothing about the States’ power in this regard.’ Having rejected the reasoning of the majority that the power to appoint an elector impliedly gives the states the power to prescribe any condition for such appointment such as pledge, oath or fine, Justice Thomas relied upon the Residuary Powers of the states (i.e. powers not enumerated in the constitution to the union) and held as follows “When the Constitution is silent, authority resides with the States or the people. This allocation of power is both embodied in the structure of our Constitution and expressly required by the Tenth Amendment. The application of this fundamental principle should guide our decision here.” Elaborating further on the scheme of allocation of powers under the US Constitution justice Thomas explained “This allocation of power is apparent in the structure of our Constitution. The Federal Government “is acknowledged by all to be one of enumerated powers. “The powers delegated by the . . . Constitution to the federal government are few and defined,” while those that belong to the States “remain . . . numerous and indefinite.” States face no such constraint because the Constitution does not delineate the powers of the States. Article I, section 10, contains a brief list of powers removed from the States, but States are otherwise “free to exercise all powers that the Constitution does not withhold from them.” Thus, in USA “where the Constitution is silent about the exercise of a particular power, that is, where the Constitution does not speak either expressly or by necessary implication,” the power is “either delegated to the state government or retained by the people.” This fundamental allocation of power according to justice Thomas applies in the context of the electoral college. Article II, section 1, and the Twelfth Amendment address the election of the President through a body of electors. These sections of the Constitution provide the Federal Government with limited powers concerning the election, set various requirements for the electors, and impose an affirmative obligation on States to appoint electors. Put simply, nothing in the text or structure of Article II and the Twelfth Amendment contradicts the fundamental distribution of power preserved by the Tenth Amendment. The unanimous judgement/opinion of the court comes as a welcome relief at a time when the election of the American President by the Electoral College is on the anvil and is scheduled to be held on 14.12.2020 The Supreme Court in this judgment however, has not commented upon the merits or demerits of the present indirect election of the American President by the Electoral College. The debates for its substitution by a more democratic method continues even today. Modern critics, for example, the American Bar Association, have described the Electoral College “as archaic, complex, indirect and dangerous,” Public interest in change has been spurred by several close elections where a shift of fewer than 10,000 votes in a state is sufficient to nullity 107 million deficit in the popular vote. The direct vote plan, whose principal sponsor was Democratic Senator Birch Bayh, attracted the most attention, but was defeated in the Senate. Under his plan, the President was to be elected by a direct popular vote on a nationwide basis. If no candidate received at least 40 per cent of the votes, “there would have been a runoff between the top two candidates.” In the final analysis, therefore, no one is really certain of the impact of abolition of the Electoral College of the American political system. For this reason, passage of any future amendments and their ultimate ratification by the States are doubtful. Both Congress and the States will be wary of change. American Constitution is a classic example of a rigid Constitution.Views are personal.(Jana Kalyan Das is a Senior Advocate at the Supreme Court of India, Sandeep Devashish Das & Ninad Dogra are practicing Lawyers)Next Storylast_img read more

Oxford students hold vigil at the Union

first_imgThe vigil took place on the same day that the Union Standing Committee discussed introducing sexual constent workshops for elected officials and making future no confidence votes binding.Although the moves were met with support from protestors, many felt the Union still needs to do more. Charlotte Sykes, one of the editors of Cuntry Living, commented, “the Union still has a lot of work to do to show us that it’s serious about taking rape allegations and rape culture seriously.”Sykes’s reservations were echoed by campaigner Barnaby Raine, who pointed out, “There is a slightly amusing panic in the Union where they know that people are angry with them, they are desperate for people to be not angry with them but they are also desperate not to change anything.“Today in Standing Committee they discussed making no confidence motions binding, however they also discussed ensuring that to have a no confidence motion you’d have to get 300 signatures within 24 hours, which is designed to make those binding no confidence motions never happen. We want the Union to take real action to change things but they shouldn’t try to do PR jobs.”President Ben Sullivan commented, “Last week the Union held a free and open debate on a no confidence motion. After nearly two hours of debate members voted, with 254 in favour and 101 against, to dismiss the motion.“We understand however that this is not the end of the matter and that a number of members still have concerns, as such a vigil was held outside the Union tonight. We intend to take steps to put some of those worries at ease, such as instigating a rules change that would make motions of no confidence binding. We are also going to hold non-directional sexual consent workshops for members starting this Michaelmas.”He continued, “We do ask that this criticism be based on facts and not on hearsay. We would like to make clear that the Union never dismissed the idea of consent workshops, simply that we believe they would be most effective at the beginning of Michaelmas when the Union is much busier and a new group of Freshers can be reached. We hope this will have the most impact in fostering a positive culture of consent across Oxford.” Oxford students took part in a vigil at the Oxford Union on Thursday evening, calling for the Society to “take every rape allegation seriously”.Approximately 150 people gathered outside the Union entrance, in a “quiet and dignified display”, holding a two minute silence in respect for survivors of sexual violence. Attendees listened to testimonies offered by people from amongst the crowd, some of whom had themselves experienced sexual assault.Speaking to Cherwell, one of the organisers of the vigil, Caitlin Tickell, explained, “We wanted to do it for three different reasons: firstly, to show solidarity with survivors of sexual violence; secondly, we wanted to show the Union how angry we are about the way they have handled this; thirdly, we wanted to voice our demands to the Union, for example we are asking them to put in place consent workshops for officials.”OUSU VP for Women Sarah Pine explained why she had helped to organise the event, commenting, “Everything that happened at last week’s no confidence debate demonstrated a fundamental lack of respect for survivors of sexual violence, whether this is someone getting up and shouting ‘irrelevant’ at someone who was speaking about rape, or the flippant comments and the idea that taking allegations seriously is a breach of ‘innocent until proven guilty’ – that’s not true.She continued, “I was so happy to come here today because everything that happened last week appeared to play a part in rape culture more broadly, and demonstrates how people at the Union are buying into that rape culture and perpetuating it.”The vigil took place a week after the controversial debate of no confidence in President Ben Sullivan. The debate ended after two hours of discussion with the House voting to abandon the motion.Those in attendance carried placards stating, “reform the Union” and “end rape culture”. Union security staff removed banners that had been hung on the fences after the vigil disbanded.last_img read more