By Sharon OmahenUniversity of GeorgiaIf you want the health benefits of soybeans but hate the beanytaste of most soybean products, listen up. University of Georgiafood scientists have developed soybean food products that don’ttaste so beany.The scientists used L-Star soybeans, a new variety developed bythe National Agricultural Research Organization in Japan. Anaturally deodorized soybean, L-Star is lipoxygenase-free. Beany enzyme removed”This is the enzyme that produces the off flavor in some soybeanfood products,” said Dick Phillips, a food scientist with the UGACollege of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “With L-Star,consumers can get the health benefits of soybeans’polyunsaturated fatty acids in better-tasting products. Untilnow, it’s been good for the heart, bad for the taste buds.”With funding from the American Soy & Tofu Corporation and theU.S. Department of Agriculture’s Federal-State MarketingImprovement Program, UGA food scientist Yen-Con Hung, along withPhillips and UGA food scientist Anna Resurreccion, developed anew soybean product using L-Star beans. New method used, too”We started with a new soy milk because this is an establishedproduct that’s available commercially,” Hung said. “These arewhole bean products.”Traditional soy milk is made by grinding soaked soybeans withwater and then filtering out solid and insoluble materials, hesaid. The new L-Star soy milk is made by grinding the soybeanswith water and not filtering out the solids.A sensory specialist, Resurreccion conducted consumer studieslast fall on the UGA campus in Griffin, Ga. The study revealedhigh consumer acceptance of the L-star soy milk. “The consumerswe tested think the quality is equal to commercial soy milk,”Hung said. “They like the color, appearance and taste, too.” L-Star or not?Besides the new L-Star food products, Phillips created a qualitycontrol test. The test will assure soybean buyers they are trulybuying L-Star soybeans.”Soybeans are harvested and brought by trucks to a central buyingpoint,” Phillips said. “With the existing tests, there’s a wholemenu of things buyers look for, quality-wise. But they don’t testfor lipoxygenase.”The existence of the enzyme would let buyers know the beans arenot L-Star. Lab methods that test for the enzyme aren’t feasibleat a buying point, he said.Phillips’ test uses color as an indicator to test soybeans forlipoxygenase. A buyer takes a sample from the load, crushes thebeans, places them in a tube and shakes them.”If the color fades, the beans contain the enzyme and the buyerknows they aren’t L-Star soybeans,” Phillips said.Working with the Georgia-Florida Soybean Association, UGAscientists shared the test with a handful of buyers who aretesting it in the field.The test project was funded in part by the Georgia AgriculturalCommission for Soybeans. L-Star tofu, instant soy milkAnother new product UGA scientists are working on is tofu madefrom L-Star soybean curd.”It’s also a whole-bean product, so consumers get the nutritionaland health-related benefits from consuming whole beans versusonly the soluble part of the soybeans,” Hung said.Under Hung’s leadership, UGA food science graduate student, MarkJarrard Jr. is working on an instant soy milk using L-Starsoybeans.To make it into the marketplace, the products must be developedby a food company, Hung said. The next stage of the project is togarner industry interest in the products.
– as Agriculture Ministry denies making such agreementThe cash-strapped Guyana Sugar Corporation (GuySuCo) is being asked to repay a loan of almost $4 billionAgriculture Minister Noel Holderwhich it received from Central Government as part of its $12 billion subsidy last year.Auditor General Deodat Sharma, during an audit of the nation’s accounts for last year, found that Cabinet in June 2015 had agreed that the sum of $3.8 billion, which was transferred to GuySuCo be treated as a loan.Amounts totalling $12 billion were released to GuySuCo during the period June to December 2015 and according to Auditor General Sharma, “An examination of Cabinet decision number, CP (2015) 6:3:BB dated 16 June 2015, indicated that the sum of $3.8 billion be treated as a loan.Sharma found, however, “no loan agreement was provided, as a result, we are unable to determine the terms and conditions of the repayment of this amount”.The Agriculture Ministry, in response to the auditors, claimed that GuySuCo never entered into a loan agreement for that amount.The Auditor General is adamant, however, that the Ministry complies with the CabinetDecision and enter into a loan agreement for the repayment of the $3.8 billion transferred to GuySuCo.This past week, Head of State, David Granger had bemoaned the state of affairs, with GuySuCo pointing to its $89 billion in local and international debt.The President was at the time addressing Parliament and said the most grave financial problem when his Administration took office in May 2015 was the bankruptcy of GuySuCo, which owed the aforementioned amount.“Your Government was forced to divert money from economic development and social projects to rescue the ailing corporation with an immediate injection of $12 billion. An additional $11 billion had to be provided the next year, 2016, making a total of $23 billion bailout in 18 months.”The President noted, “These transfers exclude the servicing of GuySuCo’s debts in respect of the Skeldon Estate Modernisation Project – a monstrous and monumental US$200 million mistake and, probably, Guyana’s single most costly industrial catastrophe of all time.”There has already been an indication too that GuySuCo will be looking to Central Government for yet another bailout before the end of the year.Chairman of the Board of Directors, Professor Clive Thomas is on record saying that the entity had initially requested $11 billion, but had only received $9 billion in the 2016 Budget and, as such, would have to approach Government before the end of the year to gain another $3 billion in subsidy.GuySuCo has already recorded a whopping $6 billion deficit in its accounts for the first half of 2016, but this has been masked by the $9 billion subsidy that was handed to the beleaguered entity by Government.In fact, while the $9 billion transferred was earmarked for the Corporation to be disbursed for the entire year, all of the money has already been transferred.Finance Minister Winston Jordan had documented in his 2016 Mid-Year Report that the reason the allocation was disbursed in its entirety by the end of June 2016 was “because of a deterioration in the Corporation’s cash balances that was due to a severe shortfall in production”.The subsidy that was transferred to GuySuCo has in fact allowed the company to record on its books an operating surplus of $2.9 billion, down from an operating surplus of $3 billion for the corresponding period last year.Jordan had earlier this year also complained bitterly about the lack of alignment between production costs and market prices which has resulted in the destabilisation of revenues and the eventual need for Government support packages.“This is exemplified in the case of GuySuCo, where constant demands for transfers continue to crowd out other priority Public Sector expenditure.”The inefficiencies, he said, compromise GuySuCo’s ability to compete globally, while facing growing competition from alternative sweeteners and sugar substitutes.According to Jordan, “In the short run, GuySuCo, in particular, poses a large risk to the Government’s fiscal position.”He said if sugar production failed to improve in the second half of 2016, GuySuCo may face financial strain that would lead to requests to the Government for further transfers, on top of the $9 billion it has already received.
SANTA CLARITA – A 19-year-old Valencia man died Sunday after he fell off a freeway overpass while trying to avoid an oncoming car after he had exited his vehicle following a crash, authorities said. California Highway Patrol officers found the body of David Hairston III at 4:50 a.m., about 25 minutes after his Ford Escort collided with a Honda Civic on a rain-soaked northbound Interstate 5 at Gavin Canyon Road. Hairston and a 49-year-old Reseda man had collided, and their vehicles remained in the freeway lanes, police said. Hairston’s vehicle was sideways. Soon after, Phoebe Wong, 55, of Valencia was headed toward the scene and apparently could not see Hairston’s car and hit it, police said. Hairston, who was out of his car, jumped onto the overpass to avoid getting hit by Wong. He then slipped in the wet conditions and fell onto The Old Road below, according to a CHP accident report. Nobody else was seriously injured. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!