in December 3rd, the State Council Information Office held a press conference on the sustainable development of the national resource-based cities, the official announcement of the national resource based cities sustainable development plan (2013-2020). This is China’s first introduction of the sustainable development of resource-based cities in the national special plan. "Planning" for the first time to define the country’s 262 resource-based cities, Haixi Mongolian Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in our province, Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County ranks among them.
for the first time to determine the country’s 262 resource-based cities in 2020 development goals, including: resource exhausted cities to solve the problem of historical legacy, the ability to significantly enhance sustainable development, transformation tasks completed.
planning also requires resource based cities in the resource rich areas in 2020 the development of resources and economic and social development, ecological and environmental protection of the basic pattern of coordination. Change the mode of economic development to achieve substantive progress, establish and improve the sustainable development of resource-based cities.
deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission Du Ying in the State Council Information Office held a press conference said that the 69 resource exhausted city’s population accounted for only 4%, but the city shantytowns accounted for 1/4 of the country’s rural population, unemployed miners accounted for mining practitioners and low 1/10 of the total needs of subsidence area governance accounted for 1/3 of the country.
to help the city to get rid of the "born, because of the mines due to resource depletion and the decline of" Curse of resources, the resource type city planning will be divided into mining city and city forestry and the growth and decline and regeneration of four types, defined the classification guidance, characteristic development; orderly development, coordinated development structure optimization; collaborative development; and the people’s livelihood, the development of the principle of harmonious development ".
planning also on resource security, economic development, improving people’s livelihood and ecological environment protection put forward specific objectives.
by 2020, according to the plan, the city level resource intensive use significantly improve resource output rate increased by 25 percentage points, continue to form the base of a number of important mineral resource, important mineral resources protection ability is enhanced, the key state-owned forest forest area and volume of steady growth. At the same time, the effective protection of mine geological environment, the historical legacy of the mine geological environment restoration rate is greatly improved, because the new mining damaged land comprehensive reclamation, construction and mining production not to new accounts. The total discharge of major pollutants decreased significantly, heavy metal pollution has been effectively controlled.
plan also clear the livelihood development target of Resource-based City: employment continues to expand the scale of housing conditions improved, urban and rural residents’ income growth is higher than the national average level, the basic living of low-income people get the guarantee.
The problem for
system to break the constraints of resource type city sustainable development planning, put forward to perfect the development order constraint mechanism, price formation mechanism, resource development compensation mechanism, benefit distribution mechanism and sharing of alternative industries;