Professor analyzes theater of Irish Revolution

first_imgTags: Easter Rising, Irish Theatre, W.B. Yeats Fearghal McGarry, a professor of Irish History at Queen’s University in Belfast, Northern Ireland, delivered a lecture Thursday titled “Lost Republic: The Abbey Theatre’s 1916 Rebels,” which focused on the role of seven leading members of W.B. Yeats’s famous Abbey Theatre during the Easter Rising.McGarry also highlighted Ireland’s cultural revolution and its connection to the growth of revolutionary political movements, and how the goals of the Easter Rising differed from its legacy as the centennial anniversary of the event approaches.McGarry challenged the concept that Yeats and the Abbey’s political productions inspired the Irish people to support a republican sentiment. Instead, he said the actions of many often-overlooked organizations that shared members with the Abbey, operated in both the political and cultural spheres, and were more notable causes for the violent uprising than Yeats’s relatively conservative theatre.“Contrary to the myth of the Abbey as a breeding ground for Irish Republicanism, the theatre was often critical of the movement, and while some plays caused the Abbey to come into conflict with Dublin Castle, there were similar clashes with Irish Republicanism,” McGarry said.McGarry said rather than the commonly-held view that a cultural revolution fueled a political movement and violent uprising there were in fact “many overlapping circles or culture and activism, and it is out of this that revolution began.”McGarry said many other groups played a more important part in the Rising than the Abbey Theatre, including Inghinidhe na hÉireann, or the “Daughters of Ireland.” The Daughters of Ireland, like almost all Republican organizations of the time, contained its own theatre company, McGarry said.“It is culture, rather than class, that allowed for the inclusion of those who would typically be excluded from these political movements, such as women and the working classes,” he said.“The nature of drama appeals to the political because it requires actors to take part in the play, an audience to observe it and a space for the play to be performed in.”McGarry also said these organizations were crucial to the Irish revolutionary movement because of their values and the importance of these values to the Rising. These values were gradually lost over time by what McGarry called the “Catholic-Nationalist narrative” of events. Specifically, McGarry said the feminist and socialist aspects of the Rising, which the Abbey’s revolutionary members supported, appeared to be forgotten in its legacy.“In economic, political, cultural and gender terms, the revolution disappointed its members from the Abbey Theatre,” he said. “Revolutions usually end in failure, and for the Abbey Seven, there was the failure to transform society rather than just change the state.”last_img read more

Ramadan starts Friday, government declares

first_imgThe government has announced that this year’s Ramadan will start on Friday following a limited isbat (confirmation) meeting with several Islamic organizations and other relevant parties in Jakarta on Thursday.”After taking into account the hisab [astronomical calculation] and rukyat [new moon observation] methods, we have determined that the first day of Ramadan this year will fall tomorrow on Friday,” Religious Affairs Minister Fachrul Razi said.He called on Muslims to refrain from attending religious gatherings or performing the tarawih (evening Ramadan prayers) in congregations during the COVID-19 outbreak to avoid the risk of contracting the disease. Ramadan is expected to last for 30 days. The government will hold another isbat meeting in late May to determine the date of Idul Fitri.Various Islamic groups in Indonesia use different methods to determine the start of Ramadan on the Islamic Hijriyah calendar, which is based on lunar observations.For example, the An Nazir sect in Gowa, South Sulawesi, marked Thursday as day one of fasting after making calculations based on the highest tidal waves.The Tareqat Naqsabandiyah in West Sumatra also started Ramadan on Thursday, as reported by local media outlets. It used the hisab-munjid method, a mixture of mathematical and astronomical calculations.Topics : “We also discourage ziarah [visiting relatives’ graves] and the Idul Fitri mudik [exodus], which could potentially spread the disease,” the minister said, adding that those who fasted should pay attention to their nutritional intake to boost their immunity.Read also: Ramadan starts early in Maluku villages, people flock to mosquesThe government’s decision to start Ramadan on Friday was endorsed by all major Islamic organizations, including the second-largest in the country, Muhammadiyah, which had for years set different dates for the start of the fasting month.Muhammadiyah, which only uses the hisab method to determine when Ramadan begins, announced in late February that the fasting month would start on Friday, while Idul Fitri would fall on May 24.last_img read more

ExxonMobil, NBA, Africare Reinstate Commitment to Power Forward

first_imgExxonMobil, NBA, Africare have reinstated their commitment to youth and sports development as they sponsor the third season of the Power Forward programme at the National Stadium in Kukwaba, Abuja.Power Forward, a partnership between ExxonMobil, the NBA and Africare, uses the game of basketball to teach and mentor students from secondary schools in Abuja about health literacy and life skills such as leadership, respect and personal responsibility.    The event which had in attended former NBA player, Kelenna Azubuike, featured boys and girls championship games, performances from the Philadelphia 76ers Flight Squad and other youth competitions.According to Dr. Paul Arinze of ExxonMobil, “Power Forward, through its focus on health, builds on efforts by the ExxonMobil Malaria Initiative to combat malaria in Nigeria.  The successful initiative works with a range of partners to prevent, treat and, ultimately, eliminate malaria especially in pregnant women and children under 5 who constitute the most vulnerable.”He added that, “Our appreciation to the National Basketball Association, Africare, the NBA Talents, National Malaria Elimination Program of the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, the Power Forward Schools and everyone for their support for this initiative. The Power Forward project was initiated 2013 in partnership with ExxonMobil, the National Basketball Association (NBA) and Africare to implement a youth development program that incorporates both life-skills training and public health education, using the convening power of basketball. Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more