South Africa is committed to strong fiscal discipline

first_img• With regards to the fiscal framework, government has stuck to its spending limits for the past three years and is on track to stay within the expenditure ceiling in 2015/16.• Government’s central fiscal objective over the medium term is to stabilise the growth of debt as a share of GDP.• Strict adherence to the planned expenditure ceiling as well as the proposed long-term fiscal guideline of linking government spending with long term growth are projected to result in gross debt stabilising at 49.4% of GDP in 2018/19.• South Africa has also regularly acknowledged for the transparency of its budget procedures. According to the Open Budget Index of the International Budget Partnership, South Africa is ranked third of 102 countries in 2015.last_img

More Bt resistance showing up in corn rootworm

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Western corn rootworm is a highly adaptable insect, and it was just a matter of time before we saw resistance to Bt traits designed to protect against root damage.In the Western Corn Belt, growers have noticed many field failures due to heavy rootworm feeding. Most of this research was led by Aaron Gassmann’s laboratory at Iowa State University. In 2011 they discovered resistance to Cry3Bb1 (which may be present in Yieldgard or Genuity traits). In 2014 they discovered resistance to mCry3A (which may be present in Agrisure traits). Now, in 2016, they have discovered resistance to Cry34/35Ab1 (which may be present in Herculex or Optimum traits). For a full list of Bt traits see: that Bt against rootworm has only been available since 2003, and, in just 13 years, most of our major tools have been compromised. Currently there is only one trait, eCry3.1Ab (present in Duracade traits), without any published reports of resistance.Luckily for Ohio growers, all these products are still effective against Western rootworms in our state. We have only heard of a few, scattered reports of field failures. Observations from the Western Corn Belt indicate that a lack of rotation greatly increases the risk of Bt resistance. Any field with corn grown from more than three straight years should be inspected for root feeding and proper trait performance. Dig five roots in 10 locations and use the 0-3 node injury scale to rate feeding (see this guide by Dr. Chris DiFonzo @ Michigan State University: Now is the perfect time to perform root digs—if you suspect field failures, please contact us at and or contact your extension educator.  Also remember that crop rotation remains our single, best tactic to prevent Bt resistance from occurring in Ohio.  If crop rotation is not possible, the next best alternative is to rotate different Bt traits each year or consider soil insecticides which are still quite effective. However, we do not see a need or benefit for combining both soil insecticides with Bt in Ohio.last_img read more

Integrity In Your Pipeline

first_imgOne surefire way to miss your goals is to have a pipeline that lacks integrity. The lack of integrity isn’t intentional. No one is really lying about their pipeline. Mostly, there is just a lack of rigor around opportunities. Here are a few of the root causes that you need to remove if you want a pipeline you can believe.Bad Dates: No client will ever tell you that they need to close a deal on the last day of the month, the last day of a quarter, or the last day of the year. Those as “salespeople dates” used as a placeholder for the date by which they believe they can wrap up a deal. A client may, however, want to go live on the first day of a quarter or a year, in which case, their contract will likely need to be signed some time before, allowing time to get through the process.Too Old: Problems don’t age well, and neither do deals. The age of a deal can tell you whether you are looking at something you have a shot of winning. If the deal has been in the pipeline long enough to have its third birthday or has covered two Presidential elections, it’s not something you want to bet on in most cases.Bad Deals: If a deal should have been disqualified, it doesn’t belong in your pipeline. A fast “no” to bad deals is much better—and much healthier—than a slow “no” to those same deals.Wrong Stage: Some of the aging deals in your pipeline may become your client someday. You may have deals that look they have progressed to the point where your prospect will make a decision even when that decision is still far away. The optimism that causes one to believe they are going to win a deal might be well-founded. That said, just because you gave a prospect a proposal don’t mean they are prepared to sign a contract. If you skipped some of the commitments in this book, you may need to go backwards to go forward.A pipeline that lacks integrity can give you a false sense of confidence, causing you to believe that you are closing to your goals than you are. A bad number that is true is less damaging that a good number that is false. It can also prevent you from recognizing what you need to do to produce the results you want. Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

We will never have another referee like Mike Dean

first_img Members of the Vatican team. Photograph: Sport in Vaticano Share via Email Twitter features Twitter Facebook Twitter Share on Messenger It’s well worth your time. Composite: Guardian RECOMMENDED LISTENINGJoin Max and co for the latest Football Weekly podcast.FIVER LETTERS“As if it weren’t bad enough for the former oldest Football League club in the world, Notts County, what with the manager turnover, player turnover, various flirtations with promotions and relegations over the last 30 years, being the most stressful club to support in the UK (allegedly), only having a river to separate you from your noisy neighbours (and probably now the oldest League club in the world) and, of course, Big Alan and Little Alan, now Juventus have ditched the famous black and white stripes loaned to them by County (yesterday’s Quote of the Day). You wonder how things can possibly get any worse, but this is Notts County. I’m sure they’ll find a way” – Ferg Slade.“It’s interesting to see that in the Argentinian League, Tigre finished ninth out of 26 teams and qualified for the Copa Sudamerica (Big South American Vase), which they could also still qualify for via the Superleague Cup and are doing well in. However, simultaneously and rather weirdly, Tigre have also been relegated as it is on the basis of performances over the last three seasons, not just this one, so will be barred from the competition. I’m trying to find an equivalent analogy of a system that seemed good at the time but ends up flawed with an end result that no one seems happy with, but one doesn’t spring to mind” – Noble Francis.Send your letters to And you can always tweet The Fiver via @guardian_sport. Today’s winner of our prizeless letter o’the day is … Ferg Slade.NEWS, BITS AND BOBSManchester City insist they have provided “comprehensive proof” of their innocence to the Uefa body looking into allegations of FFP irregularities, amid reports that investigators could end up pushing to ban them from Big Cup.The Vatican has launched its first women’s team, with a first test coming up against Roma on 26 May. “Even if they lose 30-0, this doesn’t matter,” tooted Vatican sporting suit Danilo Zennaro. “What matters is that these women get the opportunity to know professional players. Win or lose, it’s also about creating connections and friendships.” TIME TO END THE GOAT DEBATE ONCE AND FOR ALLPurveyor of no-look yellow cards, hider of souvenir hat-trick footballs up the back of his shirt, Premier League centurion of “off you pop” dismissals, pedantic pacer of 10-yard distances and … er, occasional carrier of golf bags on the Ladies European Tour, Mike Dean has been a fixture on the Premier League refereeing circuit for 19 years and in that time has developed something of a reputation for making big games all about … well, him. Much like David Brent, we will never have another referee like him, somebody who’s basically a chilled-out entertainer. An occasionally pompous showman who has endeavoured to keep his personal football allegiances carefully hidden through the cunning ruse of convincing fans the length and breadth of the country he is biased against every team, on Monday night there was a suggestion he let the mask slip.In the away end at Forest Green to see Tranmere Rovers reach the League Two play-off final, Dean was caught on camera, standing on a barrier, arms raised aloft, leading the celebrations at full-time. And while it has been widely presumed that Dean was openly cheering on his local team, The Fiver couldn’t help but think back to the last time he was caught giving it the big one on camera. Specifically, the famous occasion when he refereed a match between Tottenham Hotspur and Aston Villa and appeared to openly celebrate Mousa Dembélé scoring for the London side. As it happened, Dean simply had his arms outstretched to signal an advantage and subsequently celebrated his own good work with a self-congratulatory fist pump en route back to the halfway line, but try telling that to tinfoil hat-wearing conspiracy theorists in the Holte End. It certainly lends credence to the notion that, on Monday, he may only have been celebrating his colleague Eddie Ilderton’s excellent technique when it came to peep … peep … peeeeeeeeeeeeping on the final whistle.Dean is unlikely to be at The Hawthorns on Tuesday evening, where his heartless colleague, Chris Kavanagh, will be leading the team of match officials. The ref who gave José Holebas a red card – since overturned – that would have ruled the Watford full-back out of the FA Cup final, is in charge of maintaining order when West Brom and Aston Villa duke it out again for a place in the Championship play-off final. Leading 2-1 from the first leg, Villa will fancy their chances of progressing, not least because Dwight Gayle is sitting this game out on the Naughty Step after being shown a red card of his own at Villa Park. Having been booked for time-wasting so early in Saturday’s game that his team had hardly arrived at the stadium, the West Brom striker received a second yellow after being rather harshly adjudged to have “left one in” on Aston Villa goalkeeper Jed Steer while trying to get on the end of a cross. While Baggies fans were predictably apoplectic about the decision, Dean’s feelings on the matter remain known.QUOTE OF THE DAY“When people talk about football they often associate it with big salaries and luxurious living but the reality is that many of our staff – as we all do – live within their means. And that becomes very difficult when you have not been paid for a couple of weeks. It has hit home hard” – Bolton club chaplain Phil Mason on news that an emergency food bank has been set up to help Wanderers staff who have gone unpaid for two weeks.RECOMMENDED VIEWINGCome for the important film about abuse in grassroots refereeing, stay for Michael Butler’s get-ups. Facebook Daniele De Rossi will end his Roma career after 18 years, 615 appearances and 63 goals, having been told that he wouldn’t be offered a new deal. “I apologised to Daniele, on behalf of the club, for not speaking to him sooner – it has been a problematic season,” sighed chief suit Guido Fienga. “The club is aware of the mistakes we’ve made, and we are reflecting on that.”Bulgaria have appointed former international midfielder Krasimir Balakov as coach. “He is one of the greatest footballers of our time,” whooped Bulgarian FA president Borislav Mihaylov. “A man who believes in Bulgarian football and the Bulgarian national team.”Mansfield Town have taken their League Two play-off exit to Newport well, sacking manager David Flitcroft and replacing him with academy coach John Dempster.And Gigi Becali is back in the news, having given FCSB coach Mihai Teja the old Dracarys. “I told him that we are breaking up, I don’t have to reproach him,” sniffed Becali after FCSB failed to win the Romanian league.STILL WANT MORE?The very best Premier League pictures of the season. Facebook Share on WhatsApp Share on Twitter RECOMMENDED LOOKINGDavid Squires on … the end of the Premier League, co-starring Janet, Jim Bowen and Tranmere’s top boy.center_img Pinterest The Fiver Blood, sweat and fears: special report on abuse towards grassroots football referees – video !!! Illustration: David Squires/The Guardian Football Topics Jonathan Wilson learned a shedload tactically from the 2018-19 Premier League, so he wrote about it.It was a great season for the WSL, but there’s still plenty to improve on, explains Suzy Wrack.Liverpool look well set to avoid the curse of the runner-up, reckons Sachin Nakrani.Richard Williams is the latest to point out that Pep Guardiola is great.Chris Hughton paid the price for not being sufficiently attacking, argues Nick Ames.Oh, and if it’s your thing … you can follow Big Website on Big Social FaceSpace. And INSTACHAT, TOO!STILL WATCHING ON REPEAT Pinterest Reuse this content Pinterest Share on LinkedIn Share on Pinterest 16:59 Share on Facebook Play Videolast_img read more

PM Trudeau appoints new chief justice for Newfoundland and Labrador

first_imgOTTAWA – Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has appointed Deborah E. Fry to be the new chief justice of Newfoundland and Labrador.She replaces J. Derek Green, who elected to become a supernumerary judge last December.Fry worked as a nurse and taught nursing before attending law school.After becoming a lawyer, she worked in the Newfoundland and Labrador public service and held several senior positions, including clerk of the cabinet.She was appointed to the trial division of province’s supreme court in 2007 and most recently was senior administrative judge of the family division.Over her career, she gained extensive experience in mediation, and will be a great asset to the court, Trudeau said in a statement.last_img